Peace in Korean Peninsula
A new initiative of peace has been started with the historic meeting between North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and South Korean leader Moon Jae-in on April 27, 2018. In a quite surprising move, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who is known to the US and its allies as the most dangerous man in the world for piling up nuclear arsenal, has announced that the Korean Peninsula would be a denuclearized zone.
South Korean leader Moon Jae-in echoed this in support. With that mutual declaration for denuclearization, the 65 years of tension in the Korean peninsula is likely to ease to the relief of the people around the globe. And at the same time the US and its allies are also feeling better as the risk of getting involved in another big global war after the devastating economic crunch in 2008 seems to be a distant proposition at the moment.
The leaders of North and South Korea have promised after a landmark summit to bring ‘lasting peace’ to the peninsula with a commitment to denuclearization and ending decades of hostilities. The world leaders have seen it as a goodwill gesture which can bring about a sustainable peace for the brotherly nations since the ending of hostility after the 1953 war in the Korean Peninsula.
China and Russia find the meeting as a most positive initiative for a sustainable peace to be established in the Korean Peninsula. The most significant aspect of the meeting is that the North and South Korean leaders promised 'lasting peace' for peninsula. Kim said: “We hope we will not repeat the mistake of the past. I hope this will be an opportunity for the Korean people to move freely from North to South. We need to take responsibility for our own history.”
South and North Korea confirmed the common goal of realizing, through complete denuclearization, a “nuclear-free Korean peninsula”, it said. “South and North Korea shared the view that the measures being initiated by North Korea are very meaningful and crucial for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula, and agreed to carry out their respective roles and responsibilities in this regard.”
The US president, in his first comments on the declaration, tweeted: “Good things are happening, but only time will tell!” Speaking at the White House, Trump warned that the US was “not going to be played” by North Korea, though the US president is scheduled to meet North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on 12 June in Singapore.
At a joint press conference with Angela Merkel, Trump said: “Maximum pressure will continue until denuclearization occurs. I look forward to our meeting, which will be quite something.” The Panmunjom declaration, named after the truce village that hosted the talks on Friday, committed the two Koreas to seek the “complete denuclearization” of the peninsula.
The statement did not specify what Pyongyang expected in return for abandoning its nuclear weapons – the regime’s best deterrent against what it regards as a hostile US.
Speaking outside the peace house on the southern side of the border that has divided the Korean peninsula for 65 years, the leaders also pledged to push for talks with the US, and possibly China, to formally end the 1950-53 Korean war.
South Korean leader Moon said in his reaction that he and Kim were aware that the hopes of 80 million North and South Koreans rested on their shoulders. Moon also expressed his firm determination that they would be able to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula. During their historic meeting Moon applauded Kim’s courage and determination and vowed that there will be no going back.
The people of both the countries present on that occasion expressed that they had been waiting for this day. “We are tied by blood and cannot be separated – we are the same country, the same people, and should not be separated by hostility,” North Korean leader Kim said.
“We hope we can open a new road towards a new future, and that is why I crossed the demarcation line today. We hope for a new era of peace, and we have reaffirmed our commitment to that.”
“North Korea has announced that they will dismantle Nuclear Test Site this month, ahead of the big Summit Meeting on June 12.” he tweeted. “Thank you, a very smart and gracious gesture! Thank you, a very smart and gracious gesture!”
South Korea’s presidential office echoed the sentiment on Sunday, saying it shows Pyongyang’s willingness to denuclearize through actions beyond words.
The official Korean Central News Agency said dismantling the Punggye-ri nuclear test ground would involve collapsing of all of its tunnels with explosions, blocking its entrances, and removing all observation facilities, research buildings and security posts.
“The Nuclear Weapon Institute and other concerned institutions are taking technical measures for dismantling the northern nuclear test ground ... in order to ensure transparency of discontinuance of the nuclear test,” KCNA said.
Trump’s Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Friday that North Korea can look forward to “a future brimming with peace and prosperity” if it agrees to quickly give up its nuclear weapons.
The Korean Peninsula is an important zone which the world power has immense interest. If it goes on the way to peace it would certainly be a milestone for the progress of achieving sustainable peace in the peninsula. The people of both the Koreas and the peace-loving people of the world in particular want it by heart and soul.